Scottish Class Locomotives

Until this sentence is removed, consider this page to be a work in progress.

In attempting to meddle with model rail, I’ve realised that it can be quite a task to keep track of what locomotives and rolling stock were in use north of the border in the Scottish Region (ScR). Sure, typical of nerds providing information for nerds and not being mindful of newcomers, there are online resources which will provide the lower level detail of what loco number was assigned to what region/shed between what dates. However, at this point in the journey, I only require the higher level view of what type of loco was ever present in the ScR region before I get down to the lower level of details and make a purchase decision!

This is my attempt at an aide memoir (when gawping at adverts, web sites etc!) of what I could utilise in any semi-realistic ScR based layout.

21✔️See Class 29
22Western Region, nicknamed Baby Warships due to the similarities with the D600 Warship which would eventually usurp them.
24✔️This class was largely concentrated in ScR between 1960-76. For detailed info about this class is available @
25✔️Nicknamed Rats due to them being spotted almost everywhere on the network
26✔️Info about all the class histories etc is available @
27✔️By the end of the 60s, the entire class had become concentrated in Scotland
28Banished to north England, based at Carnforth and Carlisle Upperby
29✔️Originally these were class 21. In attempt to address reliability issues modifications were carried out between 1963 and 1965, mainly at the Polmadie Traction & Rolling Stock Depot in Glasgow to install Paxman engines.
33Southern Region (SR) designed locomotive.
35Western Region. The non-standard hydraulic transmission meant they were withdrawn from service by 1975
A list of locomotive classes applicable to ScR layouts

Rolling Stock

Not suitable Blood & Custard Maunsell – these were SR region

Classification of UK Trains

Below is a table of the different classification of operational trains, and their speed limits.

Note that whilst postal trains are technically freight (unless carrying Royal Mail staff on board) they tend to be class “1” trains, which are signalled as Express Passenger.

The full classification of trains in the UK is…….

ClassTypeMax MPH
0Light engine60
Unless line speed 90mph or more, in which case 75mph
1Express passenger or Postal
2Local Passenger
3Parcels train
4Fully fitted freight train75
5Empty coaching stock
6Fully fitted freight train60
7Fully fitted freight train45
8Fully fitted freight train35
9aPartially fitted freight train35
9bUnfitted Freight Train25
Table of UK Train Classifications

In the modern era, Class 9 trains do not run anymore (e.g. every freight train is fully fitted), and with very few, if any vacuum braked wagons around, class 8’s may now only exist in the history books.

I only drive 1’s, 2’s and 5’s these days, but i have driven them all throughout my career, and i can say that on a class 9b, 25mph seems very fast indeed when approching a red signal downhill with 1500 tons pushing you, with only the locomotive brakes!

Model Rail Useful Links



Rails of Sheffield

Producers of Rolling Stock




Rapido Trains

Revolution Trains


Greenock Model Rail Club




Brassmasters Suppliers of kits, accessories and detailing kits, as well as parts which complement the Scalescenes range of buildings

Dart Castings – manufacture and supply miniature figures and scenic accessories, made from etched brass and cast white metal, in the Dart Castings, Monty’s Models and Shire Scenes product ranges along with model railway vehicle detailing parts in the MJT Scale Components range.

Foamex Apparently very good for building scenic buildings etc

Fox Transfers – waterslide transfers, etched products and vinyl stickers.

Harburn Hobbies

Lanarkshire Models & Supplies

Precision Labels – a similar offering to Fox Transfers above.

Scalescenes Downloadable, printable, and customisable kits of a variety of buildings for use on many scales of layout.

Shawplan – locomotive names plates and etching details


Ten Commandments

West Hill Wagon Works – suppliers of Hunt couplings, as well layout accessories, scenics for workshop & depot, lineside, station platform, figures, locomotive drivers and parts.

DCC Digital Decoders

DCCex Homespun DCC using Raspberry Pi and Arduino

DCC with Python DCC automation with Python – RPi – Hornby Elite

ESU DCC and Loksound decoders

Trains Specific Information

Rail Online – the UK’s largest online railway photograph library for your prototype photographs

Class 24/25/26 – DerbySulzers (also includes pics and info of other classes here)

BR Database